Everyone loves a good story, and the critical strength of heritage brands is that they have such stories in abundance. Little wonder then that as American consumer confidence starts to look up, the brands that remind consumers of what they have, where they are and where they’ve come from are doing well. It’s a timely reminder of just how much the story of a brand links to the narrative that buyers run in their own minds of the lives they lead and the lives they would lead if they could.
While we often think of heritage brands as one genre, they exist in a range of sub-categories with different emphases and visual treatments. Natural heritage branding for example is all about ruggedness, generational history and of course the great outdoors. Contemporary heritage brands take some of their cues from what has been but place the marques firmly in today, interweaving old references with bold contemporary visual themes to deliver brands that are both respectful and immediate. Craft heritage brands tell a deep artisan story – slower, older, more patient, perfectionist.
Working their history
Heritage brands, it strikes me, are brands centred on legend and mythology. They deliver because they carefully work their history to link buyers to an often romantic view of the world as it was or as we would have liked it to have been. There’s an authenticity and a simplicity of spirit that consumers find intriguing and beguiling, in a world where today everything seems so rushed and artificial.
Heritage brands are brands centred on legend and mythology.
The biggest learning for storytellers from these brands is that they pace their stories, and more specifically, the recounting of their histories to the ‘speed’ of the brand’s appeal. Heritage is a slow moving story. It requires constancy first to give the brand authenticity, and adaptation second to stay current with the changing aesthetic and priorities of buyers. A Timberland boot is not as much about this year’s colours as it is about continuing the Timberland legacy. The appeal of the brand lies in the careful selection of what is spoken of, and what is not, of what doesn’t change and what does.
That’s not an easy thing to get right. Most brands that go the distance have a complex and nuanced relationship with their past. Some, like Chanel, have triumphed. Others have lived in the yester-year, competed in that mindset and paid the price. Others still have abandoned their legacy altogether only to find themselves in no-brands-land.
Richard Becker has a nice perspective on the options facing brands in terms of how they sustain their appeal over time. He talks about three choices: brands can change their relationship with their customers to keep pace with the changing needs of those buyers as they mature (the constant relationship); or they can focus on a specific demographic and top it up with new customers as people leave or opt for new choices (the constant lifestyle); or they can look to define and consequently develop new relationships with new customers (the evolving icon). My takeout for heritage brands, using Becker’s framework, is that the really strong storytellers focus on a specific nostalgic ideal and draw people closer to that whilst at the same time continuing to position themselves as relevant to society today and consumers’ changing needs.
How do you see your history?
It’s strange but true that a brand’s history has the potential to be a source of inspiration, distraction, or destruction. As someone who loves the discipline of history itself, I think too many people fall into the trap of thinking of their chronology as what they have done. But history is the study of sequences – causes and consequences, not just events. Therefore the questions that brands looking to draw on their history need to be asking should be ones that, ironically, look to the future: what have we learnt along the way (that we didn’t expect)?; what happened when we did and didn’t learn?; and how can we draw on what happened to prepare us (as best we can) for whatever may lie ahead?
It’s one thing for a brand to have a heritage – but what really counts is what you do with it and how you talk about it, amongst yourselves and with your buyers.